The objective of deep cleaning is to remove etiologic factors that cause inflammation of the gum tissue and jawbone. Common harmful factors removed by this conventional gum therapy include plaque and calculus. Using Doctorsnetwork.com you can find dentists and periodontists near you for deep cleaning who accept your insurance.
These non-surgical procedures which completely cleanse the periodontium, work very effectively for patients experiencing gingivitis and moderate to severe periodontal disease.
Reasons for needing deep cleaning
Deep cleaning can be used both as a prophylactic measure and as a stand-alone service. Deep cleaning is performed as prevention for patients suffering from periodontitis.
Here are some reasons why scaling and root planings may be required:
- Aesthetic effects
Deep teeth cleaning helps remove plaque and tartar from tooth roots and below the gumline. As an added bonus, if stains are present on the teeth, they will be removed during the process of the deep cleaning procedure.
- Tooth protection
When gingival pockets exceed 3mm in depth, there is a greater risk of periodontal disease. As gum pockets deepen, they tend to house more colonies of harmful bacteria. Eventually, an inflammatory response by blood cells begins to damage bone and gingival tissue which may cause tooth loss. Periodontal disease is the number one etiology of edentulism in the world.
- Disease prevention
The anaerobic oral bacteria that cause periodontal infections can travel in the bloodstream to other parts of the body. Research supports that heart disease and infections have been linked to harmful oral bacteria. Scaling and root planing removes bacteria and halts periodontal disease, thus preventing the bacteria from traveling to other parts of the body.
- Better breath
One of the most detectable symptoms of periodontal disease is halitosis or bad breath. Bacteria and decaying food can cause a foul odor in the oral cavity which can easily be alleviated with treatments such as scaling and root planing.
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What does scaling and root planing entail?
Deep cleaning or Scaling and root planing treatments are only performed after a thorough exam of the gums and teeth. Your dentist, will take dental X-rays, perform visual exams, and make a diagnosis before recommending or beginning these procedures.
Depending on the current condition of the gums, the extent of tartar present, the depth of the pockets, and the progression of the periodontal disease, local anesthesia may be used.
This part of the treatment is performed with special dental instruments and may include an ultrasonic scaling device. The scaling instrument removes plaque and tartar from the surface of the crown and root surfaces. In many cases, the scaling device includes irrigation of the gingival pockets that can be used to administer an antibacterial agent below the gums to reduce the density of oral bacteria.
This procedure is a specific treatment to remove the surface dentin and cementum that is embedded with unwanted microorganisms, calculus, and toxins. The root of the tooth is mechanically smoothed to promote good healing. Having smooth and clean root surfaces stops bacteria from colonizing in the future.
After this deep cleaning procedure, the gingival pockets may be treated with antibiotic agents. This will alleviate inflammation and irritation and help the gum tissues to heal faster.
On the next appointment, the New York dentist or hygienist will thoroughly examine the gingival tissues again to see how the pockets have healed. If the pockets still measure more than 3mm in depth, additional and more intensive treatments may be recommended.
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